Fibrolamellar carcinoma transcriptomic-based treatment prediction: complete response after nivolumab and ipilimumab

Raanan Berger, Gal Dinstag, Omer Tirosh, Eyal Schiff, David Kleiner, Kenneth D Aldape, Eytan Ruppin, Tuvik Beker and Razelle Kurzrock

December, 2022

Fibrolamellar carcinoma (FLC) is a rare cancer of the liver that most commonly affects children and young adults. There is no clear standard of care for the disease, whose response to treatment seems to be very different from that of hepatocellular carcinoma. We present a case of FLC in a patient in her mid 30s that recurred and persisted despite resection and multiple lines of treatment. Following transcriptomic analysis, a combination of ipilimumab (anti-CTLA4) and nivolumab (anti-PD-1) led to complete remission, although common biomarkers for immune checkpoint blockade were all negative in this case. The patient is still in remission. Here, combined checkpoint blockade guided by novel transcriptomic analysis led to complete remission after failure of several lines of treatment.  


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